As seen in Forbes 7/11/2016
The unconventional oil boom and off-the-chart production increases that occurred between 2008 and 2014 in the U.S. were driven mostly by technology, and chief among these technologies were horizontal drilling (which allowed E&P operators to follow the prevailing formations laterally), hydraulic fracturing (which allowed the operators to increase the permeability and porosity of tighter geologic formations), and the use of proppant (sand and fluid designed to keep the fractured pathways to the wellbore open)."
Companies that are focusing on technological progression are going to have a natural advantage in reducing cost and getting to market, so let's take a look at a few of the technologies that are being leveraged in the oilfield today, and what we might expect in the near future.
Artificial Lift refers to the "lifting" of hydrocarbons to the surface ? in the classic case for oil we think of the "nodding donkey" oil pumps. Nowadays, we are making quite a few advancements, like: